3Kings Water Treatment Plant - Rendering
Project Photo - October 2021
Construction Impact Notifications - October 2021
Pond Dredging - Complete
Golf Course Restoration Work - Complete
Utility Work Within Three Kings Drive - Scheduled to be complete by early November 2021
3KWTP On-site Construction Work - Continues
Work is subject to change due to weather conditions, delayed deliveries and COVID-19 regulations.
Golf Course Work
Restoration of the golf course is complete and golf course open for play.
Utility work across the golf course, pond dredging and associated improvements near Golf Holes 12, 13, 14, and 18 area are complete and ponds were refilled early April. Water utility work and restoration of the area adjacent to SR-224 is also complete.
Spiro Mine Tunnel Rehabilitation
The Phase Two tunnel work has been completed. The portal is reconstructed and the plaza is complete and open to the public.
3Kings Water Treatment Plant Construction
3KWTP construction continues and is on schedule. Work activities include:
Construction mitigation (fencing, erosion protection, mud track off pads, etc.) are in place and will remain for the duration of the project.
The pedestrian walkway adjacent to the project site and along the west side of Three Kings Drive will remain in place for the duration of the project.
Efforts to prevent the tracking of debris off the site continue. As the season changes, road sweeping will be adjusted to address changing conditions from dust to mud.
As equipment and materials deliveries become more frequent, crews will make efforts to address traffic conflicts along Three Kings Drive.
A substantial amount of subgrade work has been completed on seven of the eight structures. Subgrade work is beginning on the remaining structure.
Above grade work is underway and will continue throughout the winter. Roofing is being installed to close in the buildings. Throughout the winter and into spring, on-site work will transition to work inside the buildings.
Roadway Utility Work
Utility work within Three Kings Drive is scheduled to be complete and temporary pavement installed by November 15, 2021. Impacts to the neighborhood are being considered in scheduling the remaining work.
The following key construction mitigation items are contained in Park City’s Conditional Use Permit and Building Permits. Park City Water is committed to meeting these items.
- Working hours 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
- No staging, unloading, or deliveries within Three Kings Drive or adjacent streets
- No parking on Three Kings Drive or adjacent streets
- Installation of a pedestrian walkway on the west side of the Three Kings Drive along the Project frontage
- Construction worker parking off-site and shuttled in and out daily
- Noise Mitigation
- Lighting Mitigation
- Park City will monitor pavement condition of Thaynes Canyon Drive and Three Kings Drive and Three Kings Drive. Pavement maintenance to be performed on an as needed basis. Final paving will be performed following project completion.
- Additionally, Public Information notices will be sent out in advance of significant work impacting the adjacent City streets occurring (i.e. large concrete pours involving a significant number of concrete trucks on the road, large equipment deliveries, or necessary water shutdowns)
The construction manager has developed a detailed critical path for the Project. The following milestones have been identified, however, the schedule is dynamic due to work production and issues such as weather and materials availability/deliveries.
|Three Kings Drive Utilities - South Section||January 2020|
|Construction Mitigation & Demolition||March 2020|
|Silver Star Parking Lot Area||June 2020|
|Deep Structure Excavation & Backfill||September 2020|
|Three Kings Drive Utilities - North Section||October 2020|
|Golf Course Pond Dredging & Utility Work||May 2021|
|Building 600 - Gravity Thickeners||May 2022|
|Building 700 - Pump Polymer||May 2022|
|Building 200 - Flocculation/ Sedimentation||June 2022|
|Building 400 - Disinfection/ Pumping||June 2022|
|Golf Areas Reconstruct||June 2022|
|Building 300 - Backwash Waste/ Filter/ Adsorption/ Dewatering||June 2022|
|Building 500 - Electrical||July 2022|
|Building 800 - Chemical||August 2022|
|Building 120 - Micro-hydro||September 2022|
|Treatment Plant Start-up, Testing, & Commissioning||October 2022|
|Landscaping Complete||November 2022|
|Building 100 - Administration||January 2023|
|Substantial Completion||November 2022|
|Final Completion||April 2023|
In 2014 Park City was issued Utah Discharge Elimination Systems (UPDES) permits for the discharge of water draining from the Judge and Spiro mine tunnels into McLeod and Silver Creeks. Water from both tunnels exceeds stream water quality parameters identified in these permits.
Due to the cost and complexity of bringing this water into compliance with UPDES permits, a Stipulated Compliance Order (SCO) was entered into between the Utah Division of Water Quality and Park City. The SCO requires that Park City develop and implement a plan to bring discharge into compliance by the year 2024 for the Judge Tunnel and 2033 for the Spiro Tunnel.
In addition, the existing Spiro Water Treatment Plant is aging and will soon need significant investment to keep it operational. While the existing plant consistently produces high quality drinking water, it cannot treat to certain parameters in the UPDES permits, and it lacks capacity to maximize available water from the combined Judge and Spiro Tunnel water sources.
This project will demolish the existing Spiro Water Treatment Plant and construct the new 3Kings Water Treatment Facility in order to:
- Improve water quality and reliability
- Increase water treatment capacity to maximize use of available water from Judge and Spiro Tunnels
- Increase overall City water supply resiliency and peak day capacity
- Meet UPDES permits and Stipulated Compliance Order (SCO) for Judge and Spiro Tunnel water discharges
3Kings Water Treatment Plant
The redevelopment of the Spiro Water Treatment Plant will include:
- New 3Kings Water Treatment Facility
- 3,000 gpm (4.1 mgd) Mining-Influenced-Water treatment capacity
- 1,500 gpm (2 mgd) Thiriot Springs water treatment capacity
- 48,000 sq ft total facility building footprint
- Golf Course pond improvements
- enhance water quality and storage capacity
- Associated off-site utility improvements
- New/ relocated Golf Maintenance Building
What is Mining-Influenced-Water?
During the mining period in Park City’s history, drainage tunnels were constructed at the lower elevations of the mine works to keep water within the mountain from interfering with the mining operations. These drainage tunnels, which contain trace metals from the natural soils and mining operations, discharged directly to the environment. Over the course of Park City’s history, these waters have been used for various purposes such as drinking water, irrigation, and snowmaking. The water which exits existing mine tunnel entrances (portals) are referred to as Mining-Influenced-Water (MIW).
Why Treat Mining Influenced Water?
Metals in waste streams don't naturally degrade and are toxic to aquatic life, even at low concentrations. As part of the EPA’s Clean Water Act, it has established that cleanup of mining-influenced-waters, such as those being discharged from the tunnels, is a significant environmental benefit. In 2014 the Utah Division of Water Quality (DWQ) and Park City entered into a Stipulated Compliance Order (SCO) which contained major milestones for treatment compliance and requirements on pollutant loadings related to the water discharges from the Judge and Spiro mine tunnels. Non-compliance with the terms of the SCO can lead to:
fines and operations interference from the State of Utah Division of Water Quality and the EPA:
continued stream degradation
Characteristics of MIW Treatment Design
Water treatment design is a process in which the raw water is analyzed and, based on the receiving water characteristics (stream designation by the DWQ) and the discharge requirements for the treated effluent (water to be discharged from the plant), the treatment process is established. The design is highly site specific and focuses on treatment efficiency, reliability, cost-effectiveness, and minimalizing such items as energy use, traffic impacts, maintenance, and personnel.
Characteristics of the tunnel water must be taken into consideration in terms of physical, chemical and biological characteristic. Sizing of the M-I-W treatment plant depends upon the flows collected within each drainage tunnel. Tunnel flows change from year to year and vary significantly from season to season. The new water treatment plant process has been developed through substantial studies, which included a year-long pilot-scale study to establish the treatment process and prove its effectiveness in removing metals in the tunnel raw water and a thorough evaluation of life-cycle cost and benefit.
The selected process is considered a multi-barrier approach and includes pre-oxidation, rapid mix/flocculation/ sedimentation (to remove specific particulate metals though precipitation), granular media filtration (to further remove iron and manganese from the water which may cause aesthetic water quality problems such as reddish and/or blackish staining of sinks/bathtubs or laundry), post-filter adsorption (where specific medias are used to remove targeted dissolved metals), and disinfection (for drinking water use).